The 10 Best Ways to Invest in Gold in Canada

Considering gold as part of your investment portfolio in Canada is a prudent choice. The options for investing in gold are diverse, each presenting unique benefits and associated risks. These include purchasing physical gold in the form of bars or coins, investing in gold ETFs, or exploring gold mining stocks.

To align with your financial objectives and risk tolerance, it's crucial to understand the different methods available. Here are the top 10 ways to invest in gold, which will assist you in making a well-informed decision.

Our Quick Summary

  • Purchase Physical Gold: Acquire gold bullion bars or coins to own physical gold directly. Ensure their security by storing them in professional vaults or safe deposit boxes.
  • Invest in Gold ETFs: Select Gold ETFs that align with your investment objectives, taking into account their management fees and performance history.
  • Buy Gold Mining Stocks: Gain exposure to the gold mining sector by investing in prominent companies such as Barrick Gold Corporation.
  • Opt for Gold Futures and Options: Engage with gold futures and options on regulated exchanges like COMEX for purposes of speculation and risk management.
  • Consider Gold Mutual Funds: Enhance your investment portfolio by including gold mutual funds, which are managed by professionals and offer potential returns with the convenience of diversified assets.

Overview of Gold Investment Options

exploring gold investment options

In Canada, investors interested in gold have a variety of options, from physical gold to financial instruments such as ETFs and futures.

Gold ETFs are a favored choice for those seeking exposure to the price movements of gold without the need to physically own the metal. These ETFs trade on the stock market, providing high liquidity and ease of transaction.

Additionally, gold certificates, issued by financial institutions like TD Wealth, offer an alternative for investors looking to avoid the complexities of storing physical gold.

For individuals inclined towards speculative investments, gold futures present an opportunity to bet on the future prices of gold. These futures, while offering potential high returns, come with greater risk and necessitate continual monitoring.

Each of these investment avenues in Canada offers a unique way to diversify an investment portfolio with gold.

Buying Physical Gold

When purchasing physical gold, consider choosing between gold bullion bars, coins, or jewelry. Verify that the gold bars are at least 99.5% pure.

Always buy coins from reputable dealers to ensure their authenticity.

Secure storage options are essential to safeguard your investment against theft or damage.

Gold Bullion Bars

Investing in gold bullion bars provides an opportunity to directly own physical gold, known for its high purity and substantial intrinsic value. These bars vary in size from a few grams up to 400 ounces, with a standard minimum purity of 99.5%.

It's important to monitor the gold spot price, reflecting the current market value of gold, when considering a purchase. Among the most sought-after products are the 1 oz. TD Gold Bar and those from globally recognized brands such as PAMP Suisse and Credit Suisse.

Unlike gold coins, the value of bullion bars predominantly depends on their metal content. To safeguard your investment, secure storage in professional vaults or safe deposit boxes is essential.

Owning gold bullion allows investors to benefit from direct exposure to the fluctuations in gold's price, serving as a potential safeguard against economic instability.

Gold Coins Guide

Gold coins not only represent a practical investment in physical gold but also carry numismatic value due to their collectibility. These coins typically weigh one or two ounces, facilitating easy handling and storage. Coins such as the South African Krugerrand are particularly sought after for their historical significance and aesthetic appeal. It's crucial to remember that their prices include premiums for these attributes.

To make informed purchases of gold coins, consider the following guidelines:

  1. Verify authenticity and purity: Purchase only from reputable dealers to ensure the coin's genuineness.
  2. Assess the premiums: Understand the additional costs associated with collectible coins.
  3. Check the coin's weight and gold content: This prevents paying more than the coin's worth.
  4. Diversify your investment portfolio: Incorporate these physical assets for a balanced investment strategy.

Investing in gold coins is a reliable way to preserve wealth, given their enduring value and historical importance.

Storage and Security

Securing your physical gold investment is essential for maintaining its value and ensuring its longevity. Opt for a secure vault or a safe deposit box to store your gold safely. Many reputable dealers offer storage solutions or can advise on the best ways to protect your investment.

Additionally, insuring your precious metals provides an essential layer of security against theft or damage. It's crucial to regularly check your stored gold and reassess the security measures in place to ensure they're adequate.

With diligent management of storage conditions and proper insurance coverage, your investment remains protected against potential risks. Prioritize these aspects to effectively preserve the value of your physical gold.

Investing in Gold ETFs

gold etfs investment strategy

When you decide to invest in Gold ETFs, the first step is selecting an ETF that matches your financial objectives.

Analyzing the management fees of each ETF is crucial because they can significantly affect your overall returns.

Additionally, reviewing the historical performance of various Gold ETFs will equip you with the necessary insight to choose wisely.

Choosing the Right ETF

Choosing the right gold ETF is crucial for the success of your investment strategy. Gold ETFs combine the benefits of risk management and asset diversification.

Consider these four key factors when selecting a gold ETF in Canada:

  1. Performance Tracking: It's important to select an ETF that accurately reflects the price movements of gold. Examples include the iShares Gold Bullion ETF (CGL) and the Horizons Gold ETF (HUG), which are known for their reliable tracking.
  2. Liquidity: Choose ETFs that have high trading volumes. This ensures that you can easily buy and sell shares without significant price impacts.
  3. Physical Backing: Confirm that the ETF holds physical gold. This provides a tangible asset base, enhancing the security of your investment.
  4. Regulatory Framework: Opt for ETFs that are regulated within Canada. This ensures adherence to stringent standards, promoting transparency and protecting investors.

These considerations are integral to selecting a gold ETF that aligns with your investment goals and offers robust security and performance.

Understanding Management Fees

Understanding management fees is crucial for optimizing the returns on your investments in gold ETFs. In Canada, these fees for gold ETFs vary between 0.25% and 0.75%, and they encompass operating costs, custodial services, and marketing expenses.

Choosing gold ETFs with lower management fees can significantly improve your investment returns over time, making it essential to scrutinize these fees carefully when selecting an ETF. One key aspect to evaluate is the expense ratio, which serves as a primary indicator of an ETF's total cost. Generally, an ETF with a lower expense ratio will yield higher net returns.

Evaluating Performance History

When considering an investment in gold ETFs such as the iShares Gold Bullion ETF (TSX: CGL) and the Horizons Gold ETF (TSX: HUG), which both track the price of gold, it's crucial to analyze their performance history meticulously. This analysis will provide insights into their efficiency and potential as investments without the complexities of managing physical gold.

Here are essential factors to consider:

  1. Historical Price Trends: Evaluate how closely the ETFs' performance has mirrored the fluctuations in gold prices over the years.
  2. Annual Returns: Investigate the consistency of the ETFs' annual returns, which is vital for understanding their profitability and stability.
  3. Expense Ratios: Recognize that ETFs with lower expense ratios typically sustain better long-term performance, as they reduce the amount deducted from your investment returns.
  4. Market Volatility: Analyze the ETFs' resilience and reaction to market volatility to assess potential risks and returns.

Gold Mining Stocks

Considering gold mining stocks for your investment portfolio can offer several benefits. Companies such as Barrick Gold Corporation, listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange, provide direct exposure to the gold industry. Investing in these companies, which are engaged in gold exploration, production, and distribution, connects you with the growth potential of the sector.

Significant players in this market, such as Agnico Eagle Mines and Franco-Nevada Corporation, contribute to the attractiveness of gold mining stocks. These stocks typically rise in value with gold prices, benefiting from profitable mining operations. Additionally, some of these companies distribute dividends, creating a potential for steady income.

Gold Mutual Funds

investing in gold funds

Gold mutual funds provide a diversified, professionally managed investment option in the gold market without the need to hold physical gold. These funds aggregate capital from multiple investors to construct portfolios comprising physical gold, gold mining stocks, and gold ETFs.

Investing in gold mutual funds offers several advantages:

  1. Professional Management: Skilled fund managers oversee the investments, ensuring decisions are based on thorough analysis and market trends.
  2. Diversification: The funds invest in a range of gold-related assets, which spreads risk and mitigates the effects of market fluctuations.
  3. Convenience: Investors gain exposure to gold markets without the complexities of securing and storing physical gold.
  4. Potential Returns: Returns are linked to the performance of the gold market, leveraging the expertise of the fund managers.

Gold mutual funds serve as a viable method for adding diversity to your investment portfolio, combining expertise, convenience, and the potential for financial growth through strategic asset allocation.

Gold Futures and Options

Investing in gold futures and options enables investors to either speculate on the anticipated price movements of gold or to implement strategies to manage market risk. Gold futures are contractual agreements executed on regulated exchanges such as the COMEX division of the CME Group. These contracts entail the commitment to buy or sell a specific amount of gold at a set price on a predetermined future date.

In contrast, options provide the investor with the right, yet not the obligation, to purchase or sell gold at a predetermined price either on or before a specified expiration date. Understanding the intricacies of market dynamics and applying effective risk management strategies are essential when dealing with these financial instruments.

Gold futures and options are primarily utilized by seasoned investors who are adept at navigating the complexities of the gold market and can effectively use these tools to mitigate price volatility. These financial instruments are integral for those looking to manage price risks or capitalize on price movements in the gold market.

Gold Savings Plans and Certificates

financial security with gold

In Canada, investing in gold is facilitated through savings plans and certificates provided by prominent financial institutions. The TD Precious Metals Regular Investment Plan, for example, enables consistent investments in gold, facilitating gradual accumulation.

Alternatively, TD Bank offers gold certificates, which allow for gold investment without the necessity of physical storage, as these certificates denote ownership of a precise amount of gold held by the bank.

Key considerations include:

  1. Ease of Investment: Regular contributions simplify the process of investing in gold.
  2. Safety: Eliminates the need for physical storage of gold.
  3. Convenience: Investment management is integrated into existing banking services.
  4. Security: Investments are supported by well-established institutions like TD Bank.

Benefits of Diversifying With Gold

Diversifying your portfolio with gold brings several advantages. As a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty, gold provides security when other assets might underperform.

Additionally, gold's low correlation with stocks and bonds contributes to a reduction in overall portfolio risk, ensuring the preservation of long-term value.

Hedge Against Inflation

Gold is recognized as a reliable hedge against inflation, effectively protecting investment portfolios from the eroding impact of rising prices. This precious metal is considered a safe haven during economic instability and heightened inflation, particularly in Canada.

Here are the reasons:

  1. Intrinsic Value: The inherent worth of gold, coupled with its scarcity, solidifies its status as a strong investment option.
  2. Historical Performance: Historically, the value of gold tends to increase during periods of significant inflation.
  3. Wealth Protection: Incorporating gold into your investment portfolio can safeguard your assets from inflationary effects.
  4. Investor Demand: In times of financial uncertainty, the demand for gold rises as investors seek stability in this well-regarded asset.

These factors contribute to gold's reputation for offering both stability and security in turbulent economic climates.

Portfolio Risk Reduction

Incorporating gold into an investment portfolio can effectively mitigate risk due to its generally low correlation with stocks and bonds. Gold typically moves inversely to market trends, acting as a stabilizing force during periods of volatility.

For retail investors in Canada, accessing gold through local dealers simplifies the process of including this asset in your investment strategy. By dedicating a modest portion of your portfolio to gold, you can enhance its resilience against economic downturns and inflation, which improves overall risk-adjusted returns.

This strategy not only safeguards your investments during unstable economic periods but also makes it a sound choice for investors who prioritize risk management.

Long-term Value Preservation

Incorporating gold into your investment portfolio enhances its long-term value preservation and stability. Historically, gold has been a reliable hedge against economic uncertainty and inflation, providing a solid foundation for wealth security.

Here are four key benefits of including gold in your investment strategy:

  1. Consistent Returns: Gold typically yields steady returns, particularly in times of economic downturns. This characteristic helps to stabilize the portfolio against the volatility of other investments.
  2. High Liquidity: Gold is a liquid asset, allowing investors to buy or sell it readily without causing a significant impact on its market price.
  3. Value Stability: Gold consistently holds its value, protecting investors from the risks associated with currency devaluation and economic fluctuations.
  4. Wealth Preservation: As a physical asset, gold acts as a store of value, maintaining purchasing power over the long term.

Adding gold to your investment mix contributes to overall portfolio resilience, ensuring a more diversified and secure financial strategy.

Risks of Gold Investments

potential dangers of investing

Investing in gold involves inherent risks such as market volatility and significant price fluctuations. Economic changes, geopolitical events, and shifts in investor sentiment can cause gold prices to swing dramatically.

Utilizing borrowed funds to augment investments in gold can magnify both potential gains and losses. Excessive borrowing can result in substantial financial difficulties if gold prices decline.

Additionally, gold trading platforms typically impose commission fees, which can reduce overall profits.

To manage these risks effectively, it's vital to actively monitor market trends and adapt your investment strategy accordingly, ensuring a more controlled approach to navigating the uncertainties of gold investing.

Choosing the Right Gold Investment

To select an appropriate gold investment, key considerations include the purity of the gold, its current market price, and the reputation of the dealer. It's advisable to invest in gold that has a purity of at least 99.5%. Keeping track of the gold's spot price is crucial for timely investment decisions. Choosing dealers with established credibility, such as major Canadian banks, can significantly enhance the security and convenience of transactions. Such institutions are preferred by institutional investors for their proven reliability.

When securing your gold investment, consider the following storage options:

  1. Safety deposit boxes at banks provide robust security.
  2. Home safes offer convenience, though they pose a higher risk of theft.
  3. Gold exchanges support the buying, selling, and secure storage of physical gold.

It is important to verify that your dealer supports straightforward resale processes, enhancing liquidity of your investment. Services like TD Secure Storage offer dependable protection for your physical gold assets.


Investing in gold in Canada can be approached through various avenues, including physical gold, ETFs, mining stocks, and mutual funds. Each option carries its own set of benefits and potential risks. It's essential to evaluate aspects such as the purity of the gold, the credibility of the seller or fund manager, and the security of the investment.

Investors might consider gold as a protective asset against economic fluctuations or may prefer the managed approach of mutual funds and ETFs. Choosing the right gold investment strategy is critical for ensuring both the reliability and profitability of your investment.